CHAT WITH VALERIE POORE

Although English born and raised, Valerie Poore left the UK in 1981 and moved to South Africa where she lived for nearly twenty years. She moved permanently to the Netherlands in 2001 where she teaches writing skills to university students and adults. She writes in her spare time and has nine books published, two of which are novels; the others are memoirs and travelogues. 

Time to chat with Val!

You’ve written both memoirs and fiction. How many of each have you published?

Good question! I’ve written three novels, but only two of them are published. One is a kind of English country-life book with a humorous twist, and the other is an action adventure, a family story of suspense set on the European waterways during the Cold War. As for memoirs, I’ve written and published seven: three about my life in South Africa and four about living and travelling on a barge here in the Netherlands, Belgium and France.

When did you decide to write your first memoir? Did you expect to write as many as you have?

I wrote my first memoir after reading Peter Mayle’s A Year in Provence. His stories about French country people reminded me of the farming folk I lived among in South Africa and prompted me to write African Ways. South Africa has had a bad press over the years, and while there are still problems, I wanted to show how warm-hearted, colourful and generous all its people are.

What are some of the challenges in writing a memoir? Do you ever struggle what details to include and which ones to omit? What advice do you have for others who are considering memoir writing?

Yes, as is often said, ‘just because you remember something doesn’t mean it has to be included in your memoir.’ You need to decide upfront what your story is about. Memoirs have several sub-genres and it’s best to decide first what the focus of your story is. In my case, when it came to South Africa, the objective was to show how life was lived there. Even though the stories hinged on my personal experiences, I focused on the places, events and people around me.

As regards my boating memoirs, my focus was slightly different. I wanted to actually share my watery life with readers. The books are quite personal, but even so, they are more about my world, the people I meet and what it’s like to live on the water.

I have rarely written in any detail about personal relationships and feelings, so there is a lot I’ve left out. Some people don’t like this, but that was never my purpose, and I feel it’s my prerogative to focus on other aspects of life.

What are some of the most interesting things that have come out of sharing your many adventures with readers around the world?

Well, I think the most interesting thing is how many people have shared my experiences but in other countries and other situations. I’ve so enjoyed the letters and emails I’ve received from people who’ve ‘recognised’ themselves in my stories or had similar stories in different circumstances. That’s incredibly rewarding.

Is there any adventure you haven’t had, that you’re keen to experience, then write about?

Not really. I love my life now and will continue to write about it. I also write a blog that covers my other travel adventures, but I have no dreams of doing anything other than what I do now. I just wish I’d managed to do some of it earlier.

What is your latest book?

My latest book is Highveld Ways, a memoir about living in Johannesburg during the 1990s.

Is your recent book part of a series?

Sort of. It’s the third book about my life in South Africa, but it’s different because it covers a totally different situation. I’d moved from a rural area to the biggest ‘baddest’ city in the region, so while it is number three in one way, it is really a stand-alone.

What part of writing a novel do you enjoy the most? The least?

I absolutely love writing fiction. It’s so liberating. After the factual restrictions of writing memoir, I can’t think of anything I dislike about writing a novel, except perhaps the marketing side. Unless you write a novel in a popular genre, it’s incredibly difficult to market it.

Is it important for you to know the ending of a book before you write it? The title?

Yes. I think it’s the only part of my novels I was really sure of when I embarked on them. The title is usually a working title until the book is finished, so that’s not so important.

Have you ever imagined what your characters are doing after you’ve finished a book or series?

Not really, but my readers seem to want to know. I am thinking of writing sequels to both my novels for that reason, but I’m not really interested in writing a series.

After working for a very long time on a novel, many authors get to a point where they lose their objectivity and feel unable to judge their own work. Has this ever happened to you? If so, what have you done about it?

Yes, that has happened, but I was lucky with both my novels. I wrote them as chapters on a blog and I had great feedback as I was going along. I almost felt as if my readers were feeding my imagination with their comments, so this was a huge help.

Are you easily distracted while writing? If so, what do you do to help yourself focus?

Not really. I’ve had to write for my work my whole life, so I’ve needed to be able to write to order. In that sense, I’ve learnt to be quite disciplined. The biggest problem with writing now is finding the time outside my work. I have to make a decision to get on with it and once I’ve done that I find I can stick to it.

Authors, especially Indies, are constantly trying to understand why some authors sell very well while their talented fellow authors have a hard time of it. It’s an ongoing conundrum. What do you make of it all?

I think it consists of a mixture of genre, good writing (of course) and luck. If you write for a popular genre, then your chances are immediately improved. If you write well, then that helps even more, but tapping into the right mood at the right moment seems to be a question of luck (or perhaps brilliant judgement). JK Rowling took years to get Harry Potter published, and it was luck that the right child read it at the right time. Her books then took off and became a genre all of its own.

Do you have any advice for first-time authors?

Not really because it all depends on what they are writing for. I write for me, and if others like what I write, then I’m really happy, but I don’t depend on my books for my income, nor am I trying to be a best selling author. Perhaps I should just say that writing is a craft so make sure you work at it: read a lot, read with attention and write with a critic’s hat on so you can be the best you can be.

Please, tell us about your experiences with social media. What are your favorite and least-favorite parts of it?

I love interacting with people, especially on Twitter, but I dislike the hype and the excessive emotion that social media whips up.

Do you have any grammatical pet peeves to share?

Only apostrophe misuse when it comes to plural forms. As an English writing teacher, I’m aware that our language is constantly evolving and changing, influenced as it is by native speakers all over the world. I’m much more tolerant of changes in usage than I used to be because these will become the accepted ‘correct’ forms of the future. Still, apostrophes for plural forms? No, that’s pushing it a step too far…haha.

What do you like best about the books you read? What do you like least?

I love crime fiction, so I like a good puzzle, but I don’t like graphic gory detail about murders and I don’t really want to know about the workings of a killer’s mind. As a result, I tend to read police procedurals that focus on solving the mystery rather than the gruesome details of the crime and the brain behind it.

What genre have you never written in that you’d like to try?

Well, now you mention it, crime fiction. I’d love to try it but have no clue where to start. Any advice would be very welcome!

Where do you live now? If you had to move to another city/state/country, where might that be?

I currently live in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, but I’d love to move to Wallonia, in Belgium. It is the French-speaking region of the country and I would like to retire there. The people, the scenery, the language and the culture are ideal for me.

Trains, planes, automobiles, or boats?

A bit predictable this, isn’t it? Boats!

What’s your favorite comfort food? Least favorite food?

That’s had to change recently. It used to be cheese, but I’ve recently developed an allergy to milk, so I’ve had to wean myself off it. Awful. I now have a passion for the soya equivalent of quark. I just love it. My least favourite food is shellfish. It makes me squirm just to think of it.

Care to brag about your family?

I’m still waving the flag for my sister. She is amazing. She decided to do a teaching degree when she was over forty, but not only that. She funded her studies by stacking shelves at a supermarket at night, and at the same time, she brought up her three children almost single-handed. She has a lovely husband, but his job took him away much of the time. I’m so very impressed by what she achieved.

If you had a million dollars to give to charity, how would you allot the funds?

I’d allot every penny to animal charities: some to domestic pet shelters, some to wildlife conservation, but most to the protection of endangered species in Africa, particularly rhinos.

If you could have one skill that you don’t currently have, what would it be?

To manoeuvre a boat with ease. I’d so love to be able to do that well and without anxiety. I can’t and have to rely heavily on my partner to guide me.

What are three things you think we can all do to make the world a better place?

Make sure the animal products we eat are from animals living in humane/natural conditions, stop buying goods wrapped in plastic (difficult, I know) and making sure we dispose of our litter properly and don’t throw it on the ground or in the water (that makes me spit!).

What simple pleasure makes you smile?

Spring flowers, the sun, summer trees and best of all, cruising along a quiet canal.

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CHAT WITH KATIE METTNER

Katie Mettner writes small-town romantic tales filled with epic love stories and happily-ever-afters. She proudly wears her title of ‘only person to lose her leg after falling down the bunny hill,’ and loves decorating her prosthetic with the latest fashion trends. She lives in Northern Wisconsin with her own happily-ever-after and her three mini-me’s. Katie has a massive addiction to coffee and Twitter, and a lessening aversion to Pinterest now that she quit trying to make the things she pinned.

Time to chat with Katie!

What is your latest book? Is your recent book part of a series? What are the special challenges in writing a series?

I have a new book ready to release in August. It’s called The Secrets Between Us and it will be part of the Kindle Storyteller contest (So tell your friends). It’s part of a series called The Rutherford Brothers. There are only two books in this series, but they are something really different from what I usually write. There are a lot of surprises in this book about life, love, and what we perceive as mercy and forgiveness. I intended to write the book to a very specific genre, reader group, and publishing vein, but as usual, the characters took me somewhere else. Hayes and Mercy had their own ideas and rather than fight it and turn out a book that kind of sucked because I had to force it, I let them run free. They told their story the way they wanted it to be told. The second book will be about Haye’s brother Caleb Rutherford. I am, and always have been, a series writer, so for me, writing a stand alone is MUCH harder. I have no problem writing books about the same characters, town, or family. I actually find that easier than trying to create a new world and family each time.

How did you choose the genre you write in? Or did it choose you?

This genre definitely chose me. After my amputation, I sat down and just started writing Sugar’s Dance. It became this story about loss, love, grief, rebirth and the idea that no matter where we are in life, love will fix a lot of things. That book spurred four more in the series and I truly, truly, truly, miss Sugar every day. From there, I ran with the romance/romantic suspense genre because the way I wrote it resonated with readers and they wanted more.

Have you ever written characters that you truly despise?

I’ve written several! The bad guy in Sugar’s Dance was truly despicable, so I killed him 😉 Winifred in Liberty Belle and Wicked Winifred was another one, but in the end, I was compelled to tell the reader why she was the way she was and I redeemed her. It was the same with Tabitha Dalton in Inherited Life. She wasn’t someone the readers liked, UNTIL they read her story and then the ‘Aha’ moment for them came and their whole axis about the Dalton family changed. *I* think that is super important when writing. Shift that preconceived notion the reader has and sit them up on end so they see the world in a different way.

Authors, especially Indies, are constantly trying to understand why some authors sell very well while their talented fellow authors have a hard time of it. It’s an ongoing conundrum. What do you make of it all?

Luck. That’s it. It all comes down to luck. You need luck in this industry whether it comes as a prime date for a free BookBub ad, a publisher grabbing your manuscript at the right time, the book falling into the right reader’s hands who then talks about it to the right person, or whatever it may be, you need luck. Sure, you need to back that luck up with a quality product, but there is no true way to get there without luck, at least not a REAL bestseller. I’ve seen groups of authors who buy their way onto the list with anthologies. That’s not luck, that’s just spending a lot of money for a title that really means nothing anymore as everyone is a best-selling or award-winning author at this point. There are authors claiming they’re best-sellers when their book was FREE. No, that makes you a best-giverawayer.

Here’s the thing, if you’re in the writing business to make money, you’re going to be disappointed. If you’re in the writing business to be famous, you’re going to be disappointed. If you’re in the writing business for accolades, you’re going to be disappointed. Eventually, hard work, perseverance, knowing the market, knowing the genre, knowing the reader, and knowing yourself will be what gets you where you want to be. However, you won’t get there with the first book, or the second, or the third, unless you have luck. Even then, if you haven’t taken the time to perfect your trade and provide the readers with a quality product, your luck won’t last for long.

Please, tell us about your experiences with social media. What are your favorite and least-favorite parts of it?

I find social media to be everything that’s wrong with our world today. That might sound harsh, but if we stop and think about it, it’s the truth. That doesn’t mean that we don’t make great connections and friends through social media, because we do, but I really do abhor what it has become. I LOVE making connections and friends who I talk to on a daily basis. I LOVE connecting with my readers and learning about them and their families. I LOVE that I have immediate access to news, music, and book releases.

I hate the HATE on the platforms. I started distancing myself from social media the last year because the negativity started to weigh on me after so many years of doing this kind of work. I wish there was a happy, positive social media out there! Personally, while it isn’t exactly social media, I find BookBub to be the best place for authors to connect with readers in a positive way and where reviews are taken with high regard by other readers. I’ve been cultivating a following there to help build my brand. Since there is no messaging option or posting option for promotion, it’s a truer climate for people who want to find good books and connect with their favorite authors.

How much research was involved in writing your book? How did you go about it?

Because I write about characters with disabilities, all of my books require a ton of research. I want them to be an accurate representation of the condition the character has and I don’t romanticize the downsides of those conditions. As an amputee myself, I know that while we all live normal lives, we still face challenges others don’t understand. I don’t want to hide those things from the reader. They make us who we are. As a medical transcriptionist for years, I was exposed to a lot of unique conditions and as I typed those reports, I often wondered about their lives and how they deal with such conditions while finding love. While I might fancy myself a bit of an expert, I’m not, and I’m lucky that I have a lot of contacts in the medical world who can answer my questions. They help me make these books an accurate representation of the condition and how the character reacts to it.

Having our work out there to be judged by strangers is often daunting for writers. Do you have any tips on handling a negative review?

Remember to take negative reviews with a grain of salt. Why? I like to compare it to food. Not everyone likes key lime pie. Some LOVE it and rave about it. Some HATE it and rail against it. It’s much the same with books and music. Our books aren’t going to be everyone’s key lime pie. A third of the people will love us, a third will hate us, and a third will be indifferent. Remember to write to the third of the people who love what you do and don’t worry about the rest! Also, remember to just walk away from negative reviews. DO NOT respond. That’s always, always a bad idea. I really despise negative people and refuse to let them ruin my day, so I just stay away from reviews in general. Also, don’t visit Goodreads to see how your book is doing. TRUST ME on this. Just don’t.

Have you been involved with the Kindle Direct Program? If yes, do you believe it’s worthwhile?

I’ve been part of KDP and Kindle Unlimited for eight years now. As a romance author KU is important because romance readers read so many books in a month, they usually belong to subscription programs like this. If I wasn’t part of KU, I wouldn’t be read nearly as much as I am. They do a good job of recommending books to readers and letting them know about new releases and sales. It has its downsides, of course, but I know without it I’d never have found the readers that I have.

We all know the old saying; you can’t judge a book by its cover. This is true. However, how much importance do you place on your book cover design?

Honestly, if you don’t have a professional-looking book cover, you won’t get very far for very long. I’ve done the whole making my own book cover thing, and honestly, we aren’t a good judge of what kind of cover will sell our books. We’re better off handing it off to someone else to make, or even to buy a premade cover, for the book. There are SO many designers out there to choose from, but be careful. Make sure you’re using someone who understands the genre you’re writing in and isn’t an author just throwing out covers on MS Paint to make extra cash. Find a designer and if you can’t afford one of them, use one of the many premade cover sites that will get you a full wrap cover and the eBook cover for under one hundred dollars. That is money well spent, I promise! Every reader will judge your book by the cover, so make sure the cover says what you want it to say about the book. It reflects on you as the author and you want to put your best face forward.

Have you ever wished that you could bring a character to life? If so, which one and why?

Every day I wish I could bring Sugar Dubois from the Sugar Series to life. I created her to be one of those people who regardless of what she’s going through in her own life, she’s always positive and there for her friends. You want to sit and have coffee with her because she’s just one of those people who would fill your soul up so you could go out and fly again without falling. She’s super woman, strong, weak, flawed, and hurt, but so filled with love and positivity it just spills out of her without her even trying. She also loves a good rumba and I’m all about the rumba. 😊

A lot of authors are frustrated by readers who don’t understand how important reviews are? What would you say to a reader who doesn’t think his or her review matters?

EVERY review matters. I always say it can be three words like, “I loved it!” “It was great!” “Loved this book!” The few minutes it takes to review a book like that truly helps not just the author, but other readers! There are SO many good books out there that get buried by the bigger author’s books who are better promoted. Don’t let others miss the hidden gems by not reviewing them! You can review on Amazon, Google Play, Barnes & Noble, Apple Books, Goodreads, or Bookbub!

What genre have you never written in that you’d like to try?

I’m in the middle of writing a middle grade book. Weird for a romance writer, right? I just love that age when kids discover they can read longer, more complex books and enjoy them! I want to be part of that discovery and enjoyment of literature in just a small way.

Do you know anyone who has ever received any auto DM on Twitter (with a link) who was happy about it?

Not a single soul! They’re the most ridiculous tools of promotion in the world. Just because I RT someone’s tweet doesn’t mean I want to read and review your book.

Would you like to write a short poem for us?

It might surprise you to know I’m absolutely terrible at poetry! It’s painful how terrible I am! But I’ll try, because I’m always about trying! I wrote this for a friend who was feeling down. Like I said, I SUCK at poetry, so be kind!

It’s hard not to feel used.

It’s hard not to feel jealous.

It’s hard not to want more.

It’s hard not to feel guilty.

It’s hard to keep doing when no one else does.

Deep breath.

You are appreciated.

You are worthy.

You are loved beyond measure because you are you.

Where do you live now? If you had to move to another city/state/country, where might that be?

I currently live in Northern Wisconsin, but if I had a choice, I’d move to Duluth and live on the shores of Lake Superior. The Lady of the Lake calls to my soul. She will always hold me in the palm of her hand until the day I die.

Care to brag about your family?

I mean, duh! Of course, I want to, but I’m not sure your readers want to hear me brag about my kids. I have 3 teens, two boys and a girl. My daughter, who is actually an adult now, is starting her second year of college for choral education. If I do say so myself, she’s incredibly talented in music. She’s one of those people who understands music on a level very few of us do. My middle child, Edward, just graduated from high school and will start college this fall, at 16! He’s motivated, driven, and loves singing, playing the bassoon, computers, and driving. My youngest is fourteen and a junior in high school. He plays the saxophone and tuba, and sings as a tenor in the choir. I’m pretty sure you can see the music theme in our lives. My husband is a teacher in a local school district I can’t name due to a recent high media case there and teaches fifth grade at the middle school. Together we love going to Duluth, Two Harbors, Cloquet, and one day hope to get up to Thunder Bay to the amethyst mines.

If you had a million dollars to give to charity, how would you allot the funds?

This one is super easy for me. I believe charity starts with our youngest citizens. I would set up a diaper and formula bank for infants. I do this low key for the immigrants in our community right now and the need is SO HIGH. Knowing the little ones are happy, fed, and dry is the start to great things in this world!

If you could have one skill that you don’t currently have, what would it be?

This one is easy. I wish I could play music the way my kids do. I can play the piano enough to plunk out a few songs, but not like my kids. I really wish I had the mind for music the way they do.

What might we be surprised to know about you?

You might be surprised to know I lost my leg due to a fall on the bunny hill when I was thirteen. The surprising part was it was the first time down the hill! You might also be surprised to know that I suffer from a disease called gastroparesis. That means the nerve that makes our stomach grind and digest food no longer works. I eat a liquid diet and have lost over 80 pounds in the last couple of years.

Have you ever walked out of a movie? If so, what was it?

Hahahaha I chose this one because YES! I walked out of A Star is Born. When the main character was wetting his pants on stage, I looked at my friend and we were like, “We out!” I don’t know why people thought that movie was the bee’s knees. It was boring, tedious, and a train wreck. We Googled the ending and when we read it, we were like, ‘oh hell no!’ LOL I suppose we should have checked that out BEFORE we went!

What are three things you think we can all do to make the world a better place?

Be kind.

Be charitable.

Love. Love. Love. Just Love.

 

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CHAT WITH TINA-MARIE MILLER

 

Hopeless romantic Tina-Marie Miller is a UK-based author and writer of contemporary fiction/chicklit/cozy mysteries.

Having previously enjoyed a successful career working for a number of blue chip organisations based in London and the Home Counties, Tina-Marie now lives in the South West where she spends her time writing, reading, meditating, and exploring the idyllic countryside.

Time to chat with Tina-Marie!

What is your latest book?

My latest book is entitled Fame and Fortune and was released in October 2018. It is the third book in the Hamptons series. The Hamptons are the fictional villages of Hampton Ash and Hampton Waters that I have created, which are situated in the glorious Cotswolds countryside.

Whilst this book returns readers to the light-heartedness of village life, Fame and Fortune explores the phenomenon of ghosting – the practice of suddenly ending all contact with a person without explanation. I have attempted to tackle this serious issue from different perspectives.

We welcome back many favoured characters too such as Diana Fortune – who was first introduced in The Curious Miss Fortune – and who has become quite the celebrity! In this latest book, Diana puts the newly formed Fortunettes through their paces in preparation for the Cotswolds County Majorette of the Year competition – which of course comes with its challenges!

There are several new characters too; including the glamorous Georgina Fame, a popular weight loss guru whose past is about to catch up with her and a mischievous minx set to cause havoc amongst the Hamptons set!

What are the special challenges in writing a series?

In writing this series, the special challenges have been conjuring up interesting storylines and ensuring that I keep track of all the characters. I like to introduce new people, as well as weave in interactions with as many of the old and favoured characters as possible.

How did you choose the genre you write in? Or did it choose you?

In all honesty, it chose me! The storyline for my debut novel kept whirring around and around my mind until I thought I’d go crazy if I didn’t get it down on paper. From there, it has just continued to develop – and I love it! I’ve certainly got plenty of ideas for further books in this series.

Are your characters ever based on people you know?

Absolutely! I have been most fortunate to have met a wealth of people over the years and I’m an avid people watcher. My characters tend to be a mix of personalities and traits that I’ve gleaned from such interactions.

What do you think some of the greatest misconceptions about indie authors are?

I think the greatest misconception about indie authors is that their work is not up to the same standard as that of a published author. Because indie authors don’t have a large publishing house or agent supporting them, this should not detract in any way from the high level of excellent and must-read books that are being produced from a vast number of talented writers.

How often do your characters surprise you by doing or saying something totally unexpected?

Ha! Quite frequently actually! No matter how much I carefully plan out my books, as soon as I start writing I often find myself taking a character in a direction that I had not anticipated – and it has always worked out for the best so far too!

How important is the choosing of character names to you? Have you ever decided on a name and then changed it because it wasn’t right for the character?

Naming characters is extremely important to me and I spend a lot of time creating them. I don’t like to just ‘pluck’ a name out of thin air – it needs to be befitting of the person I am trying to create. For example, the first name of my character Matt Hudson – who is one of the main characters in the Hamptons series – was changed several times before I finally settled on Matt.

Please, tell us about your experiences with social media. What are your favorite and least-favorite parts of it?

I had no previous experience with social media and ventured nervously into this arena when my first book was self-published. I was amazed at the warm welcome that I received by the writing community and wished I had joined much sooner. I have learnt so much from my fellow writers – and still have a long way to go – but the journey is far more enjoyable with friends.

How much research was involved in writing your book? How did you go about it?

I do undertake a lot of research for my books. I like to write about what I know and therefore it is important that I capture as much of the details as realistically as I can. For The Curious Miss Fortune, two of the characters head off for a romantic weekend away in Cornwall. I was most fortunate in that my beta reader is a Cornish guru – having lived there most of his life – who came up with several suggestions which I was only too happy to check out! I settled on the coastal village of Coverack, which lies in the parish of St Keverne, on the east side of the Lizard peninsula. Its breathtaking scenery will steal your heart and I knew that it was the perfect setting for this particular storyline.

In Fame and Fortune, there was again, an incredible amount of research – particularly for the ghosting storyline. I am most grateful for the advice from the Devon and Cornwall police, who also helped me with a forthcoming storyline – but I shall say no more! Look out for Book 4!

Do you feel your latest book is your personal favorite or one of your previous novels?

I am so proud of each of my books but my favourite so far is The Curious Miss Fortune. There are so many aspects to this book that highlights areas of village life that many of us misjudge. One storyline follows the character of Bridget Rhodes-Brown who is depicted as the longtime suffering wife of Jeremy Rhodes-Brown – known as ‘the major’ – who is a demanding and shouty character that initially gets the hackles rising on the back of your neck. However, as the tale unfolds, readers begin to see his life from a completely different perspective and it is most heartwarming. There is a scene from this book that still evokes tears every time I read it.

Having our work out there to be judged by strangers is often daunting for writers. Do you have any tips on handling a negative review?

The first assessment I received for the MS for my debut novel, Everything Happens For A Reason was so vociferous I almost gave up writing then and there! In fact, I pushed everything aside for the next three months whilst my cheeks smarted heavily from the severity of the ‘tongue lashing’ I had received.

Eventually, my need to write began to overwhelm me and I bravely dug everything out again and began to re-read through the critique and then re-read it several times more before addressing many of the points made. By wading through the negativity I focused on where I could improve the story. When I finally got the courage to publish this first book, you can’t imagine just how taken aback I was by the wonderful and encouraging reviews that came in.

Having since gone on to write two more books in this series, my work has attracted more reviews – both positive and negative. I looked up some of my favourite authors and discovered that they also receive their share of negative reviews. So, I guess I am in good company. Either way, if I can take advice from a review that will improve my writing, then all the better. Otherwise, you just have to accept that you can’t please everyone’s tastes, all of the time.

We all know the old saying; you can’t judge a book by its cover. This is true. However, how much importance do you place on your book cover design?

I think book covers are just as important as the story within and feature highly on my list. When I published my debut novel, Everything Happens For A Reason, I had my cover professionally designed and whilst I was pleased with it at the time, during the months that followed, I realized that the cover did not properly represent the story within. So I re-commissioned the cover design and – wow – what a difference! It really projected my work to a different dimension.

Do you miss spending time with your characters when you finish writing them?

Yes I do! When I finished writing The Curious Miss Fortune, I went straight onto plotting out Fame and Fortune so that I was soon back in the thick of it. I’m currently writing a standalone novel before I begin work on Book 4 in the Hampton series, and I find my thoughts constantly turning to what might be going on in the Hamptons right now!

Where do you live now? If you had to move to another city/state/country, where might that be?

I was born and raised in the historic village of Sutton Courtenay, near Abingdon in Oxfordshire and now live in a small village in south Cornwall. If I had to move to another country it would have to be Germany. I adore the German culture and have spent many happy times there.

Trains, planes, automobiles, or boats?

Automobiles and boats.

If you could be invisible for a day, what would you do?

There is a publisher that I aspire to be represented by. If I could be invisible for a day I would take myself to the office of my favoured agent there and set about doing everything I could to draw their attention to me and my work. Perhaps I would pop post-it notes – detailing my name and website – around their offices or sneak in a copy or two of my books! It would also present an interesting opportunity to listen to their interactions with authors and their works, and to pick up tips from the centre of the industry.

What was your favorite year of school? Why?

Definitely 1976 – the second hottest summer in the UK since records began and a year filled with many wonderful memories for me. I spent a lot of time with my friends during the school holidays, down by the river or taking long walks through the green, leafy lanes that lead onto one of the two brooks that can be found in the village I grew up in. We’d share a picnic, or various treats that we’d snaffled from our homes and sit with our bare feet in the water, trying to catch tadpoles in empty glass jam-jars. And in later years, when I took my own children to all these favoured spots, I’d sit daydreaming whilst they played happily nearby, conjuring up some of the stories that I’ve since woven into The Hamptons series.

Thank you Lisette for inviting me to your Writers’ Chateau and giving me the opportunity to share a bit more about me and my work. Very best wishes.

It has been an absolute pleasure getting to know you, Tina-Marie. I thoroughly enjoyed our time together!

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CHAT WITH JENNIFER IRWIN


A native New Yorker and captivating storyteller with a flair for embellishment, Jennifer Irwin currently resides in Los Angeles with two cats, a dog, and her boyfriend. After earning her BA in Cinema from Denison University, she worked in advertising and marketing, raised three boys, and ultimately became a certified Pilates instructor. While she has written screenplays and short stories since her college days, A Dress the Color of the Sky is her first novel. Since its release, A Dress the Color of the Sky has won seven book awards, received rave reviews, and been optioned for a feature film. Jennifer is represented by Prentis Literary and has recently signed a release agreement contract with Creative Artists Agency in Los Angeles.

Time to chat with Jennifer!

Is your recent book part of a series?

Yes, A Dress the Color of the Sky is the first in a trilogy. I recently submitted the first draft of the sequel to my agent. The title of the second book is, A Dress the Color of the Moon.

Are your characters ever based on people you know?

I believe that writers write about what they know so yes, the characters in my books are loosely based on real people that I have met or known during my lifetime.

What do you think some of the greatest misconceptions about indie authors are?

That indie authors aren’t as talented as big five published writers. I believe there are a lot of extremely talented indie authors out there who have published incredible books.

Many times, I’ve actually dreamed plot twists, character names, and many other tidbits that I’ve need for my WIP. Has this ever happened to you?

I dream about my book all the time. There is a funny cartoon that shows a person talking to a writer who has a bubble over their head which is cluttered with characters and chaos. That resonated with me! While I was plotting my second novel, I dreamed about the story every night. When I wasn’t dreaming about it, I couldn’t stop thinking about the characters, what should happen, who would end up together, and which characters from the first book I would focus on. I actually lost sleep while trying to decide who my protagonist, Prudence Aldrich would end up with after she checks out of rehab.

Some authors, like me, always write scenes in order. But I know some people write scenes out of order. How about you?

With my first novel, I wrote everything in order but found it more compelling when I moved back and forth in time. It was a lot of work to tear the story apart and break up the timeline but I’m glad I did because the book has been very well received. I did not work from an outline with my first book but then again, it was my debut novel. With the sequel, I outlined the story which shifts back and forth in time and shifts perspectives from first person to third person. My agent assisted me with the outline which was awesome. In the world of writers, I am a neophyte and have so much to learn. I’m waiting for that delightful moment when I feel like a seasoned writer!

Is it important for you to know the ending of a book before you write it? The title?

When I began writing my debut novel, I had no idea what the title would be or how the story would end. The title came to me about halfway through the second draft. The ending came in one of those aha moments. I wanted to satisfy the reader while also leaving them hanging for the sequel. Since I just completed the first draft of book two, I would imagine that the ending will change a few times between now and when it is released.

Some writers edit excessively as they write; others wait until a novel is finished to do the bulk of the editing. How about you?

By the number of emails coming through google docs from my editor, I’d say I’m one of those writers who waits until a novel is finished to do the bulk of the editing. With my first book, I worked with a writing coach who I hired after I had completed the third draft. It’s been a completely different experience working with an agent and having support from the folks at Prentis Literary. I’m saying my prayers of gratitude.

After working for a very long time on a novel, many authors get to a point where they lose their objectivity and feel unable to judge their own work. Has this ever happened to you? If so, what have you done about it?

I totally felt like this while writing, A Dress the Color of the Sky. Early on, I won a publishing contest but felt as though my book simply wasn’t ready to be released. When I received money for a film option, I hired a writing coach to help me untangle the necklace of my manuscript. When I started working with the writing coach, I had no idea whether I had written something worthy. She assured me that the book was more than worthy which was a refreshing confidence booster.

How important is the choosing of character names to you? Have you ever decided on a name and then changed it because it wasn’t right for the character?

There is a real art to naming characters. I’m one of those writers who pines over names and spends a lot of time worrying about whether they work with the character. I actually had a different name for my protagonist’s ex-husband through the first three drafts of my novel. One night, I hunkered down and started working on his name. When it came to me I was thrilled! It was a bit difficult to change the name so late because when I was editing, I kept going back to that darned first name which I hated!

Authors, especially Indies, are constantly trying to understand why some authors sell very while their talented fellow authors have a hard time of it. It’s an ongoing conundrum. What do you make of it all?

I honestly believe there are a multitude of factors that come into play when it comes to indie author book sales. The most important one is to write a compelling story with a visually appealing cover. When you write a great book, the reviews will start rolling in. Indie authors have to hustle and promote their books like crazy to penetrate the competitive reader market. There are times when you have to discount your book or give it away to get those much-needed reviews. My hope is that my next book is picked up by a big publisher so I can focus more on my writing and spend less time on marketing. It has been very difficult for me to find that perfect balance.

Can you tell us about your road to publication?

When I first started querying agents I had no idea what I was doing. I had heard about a site called, queryshark which is run by a literary agent. I submitted a really unique query letter for critique and mine was chosen. It was sort of good and bad to have my letter critiqued because she ripped me to pieces but in the end I had a great query letter. After a ton of agent rejections, a few requests for pages, and two requests for full, I won a publishing contest. The contest is what I attribute to my understanding of how to market a book. There were two factors to winning the contest, get a ton of votes for your book idea, and complete a variety of marketing course with a high score. At the time I won the contest, I had received a deposit for the film option on my book. I felt as though my book needed work so I used some of the money to hire a writing coach. With a pending film deal, I grew impatient and opted to publish indie.

In hindsight, I should have waited to sign with an agent but there is no turning back now. I chose to published with Glass Spider because they were easy to work with an had a very open contract which didn’t lock me in forever. I have since signed with an agent who will be representing me for my next novel, A Dress the Color of the Moon. My agent signed with me after reading my debut novel. It has been such a different experience working with an agent on the sequel. I can honestly say that publishing indie is a hustle but I have been blessed with incredible reviews which has helped me penetrate the competitive book market. It is difficult to find balance between writing the sequel and marketing my first book. I simply can’t take my eye off of either ball so it’s a real life juggling act!

Have you received reactions/feedback to your work that has surprised you? In what way?

I have had a huge number of readers private message and email that my book has changed their life. One reader told me that she and her sister had stopped speaking due to their childhood trauma, after she sent my book to my sister, they opened their lines of communication. Another reader confessed that my book helped her come to grips with being date raped when she was in college. A book blogger told me that my book deeply touched him and helped him to heal from the traumas of his past. I had no idea that this story would touch so many readers.

Are you a fast typist? Does your typing speed (or lack of it) affect your writing?

I took typing in high school and had no idea what a brilliant move that was for me. I’m an incredibly fast typist!

Were you “born to write” or did you discover your passion for writing later in life?

I wrote a lot in my younger years but stopped when I started working in advertising, got married, had kids, and life got in the way. All I can say is that I love writing. I’m a natural born storyteller. I started my career as a writer late in my life and I’ve never been more fulfilled in a career as I am right now.

Having our work out there to be judged by strangers is often daunting for writers. Do you have any tips on handling a negative review?

When I first published my book, a friend and fellow author told me to ignore negative reviews. I don’t want to come across badly when I say this but I haven’t received very many negative reviews. The lowest one is on Goodreads and I appreciated what she had to say, accepted her review, and moved one. On Amazon, I have had one critical review from a reader who said my book reminded her of Fear of Flying by Erica Jung which was an international bestseller.

Every day brings forth new changes and shifts in the world of publishing. Any predictions about the future?

There are days in which I feel hopeless and as though I’m not going to make it but I always pull myself out of the rut. I believe that without lows, we can’t appreciate the highs so I embrace the self-doubt that, at times, can consume me. There is a feeling deep inside of me that believes this will work out, I can picture it in a way that I never have been able to before. Faith is good, it keeps us going when the world is beating us down.

Where do you live now? If you had to move to another city/state/country, where might that be?

I live in Los Angeles with my boyfriend of nine years. Our home overlooks the Pacific ocean and is quite remote for LA. I couldn’t imagine a more beautiful and inspiring place to write.

What’s your favorite comfort food? Least favorite food?

Buttered noodles but they don’t like me because they make me fat! My least favorite food is anything with beef because I’m a pescatarian.

What’s the coolest surprise you’ve ever had?

When I found out I was pregnant with my third son. I always tell him he’s the best mistake I ever made.

If you could duplicate the knowledge from any single person’s head and have it magically put into your own brain, whose knowledge would you like to have? And why.

Ernest Hemingway and it’s pretty obvious why!

Care to brag about your family?

I have the most amazing sons. My oldest lives in Columbus. He swam and played the cello for all four years of college. He has worked for a few successful startups and I haven’t given him any money since he graduated. He actively volunteers and is passionate about making Columbus a better place to live for all residents. My middle son has overcome the most incredible obstacles. He is a talented drummer and is chasing the dream of being a music producer. He just landed a coveted internship at a very hot company that produces music for television and film. My youngest is at school on the east coast studying environmental science and policy. He is committed to coming back to LA to be involved with creating change from an environmental standpoint in the state of California. My three sons and I have been through a lot which I won’t get into here. I’m so incredibly proud of each and every one of them. They are the greatest joy of my life.

What are the most important traits you look for in a friend?

Honesty, loyalty, and a great sense of humor.

What’s your favorite film of all times? Favorite book?

The Sound of Music because who doesn’t love a happy ending? Angela’s Ashes by Frank McCourt, that book helped me to come to grips with my past and to understand that we can rise up from even the most horrific past to accomplish great things.

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CHAT WITH ANNA BELFRAGE

Had Anna been allowed to choose, she’d have become a time-traveller. As this was impossible, she became a financial professional with two absorbing interests: history and writing. Anna has authored the acclaimed time travelling series The Graham Saga, set in 17th century Scotland and Maryland, as well as the equally acclaimed medieval series The King’s Greatest Enemy which is set in 14th century England.  She has recently released the second in her contemporary series, The Wanderer, a fast-paced contemporary romantic suspense with paranormal and time-slip ingredients.

Time to chat with Anna!

What is your latest book?

My latest book is called Smoke in Her Eyes. It is the second in a trilogy, The Wanderer, featuring Helle and Jason. They first saw the light of the day 3 000 years ago when they met and fell in love, but things did not end up peachy-pie back then. In fact, their first life ended in pain and blood, very much due to Jason’s betrayal of Helle. Since then, he has been reborn over and over again, searching for Helle, the woman he can never forget and who lives in his heart. She has tumbled through time, has no memories of earlier lives—until the day she claps eyes on Jason and realizes she knows everything about this man she has never seen before in her life.

Their story is not an easy one—being reunited with your ancient lover comes with a lot of challenges. I have further complicated things by ensuring their nemesis from their first life pops up this time round as well, just as determined to rip them apart now as he was then.


What else have you written?

Smoke in Her Eyes is my fifteenth book. I am the VERY proud author of a time-traveller series called The Graham Saga which is set in 17th century Scotland and Maryland. This series features my time-traveller Alex Lind who has the misfortune of falling three centuries backwards in time to end up at the feet of escaped convict Matthew Graham. She thinks he’s some sort of oddball. He is convinced she must be a witch. But somehow they overcome their initial reactions and go on to forge a marriage that will survive everything life (well, their author) will throw at them. Let’s just say Alex is of the opinion I have made her life excessively exciting…

I have also written a four-book series, The King’s Greatest Enemy, set in medieval England featuring Adam de Guirande, his wife Kit, and something of a political quagmire as various factions struggle to control the very young king, Edward III. I loved writing this series, weaving my fictional characters into the life of real historical characters and events.

What do you think some of the greatest misconceptions about indie authors are?

That we are sloppy peeps that do not take our craft seriously. Yes, there are indie authors that publish stuff that should never, ever have seen the light of the day, so badly written is it. But there are also indie authors who invest a lot of time, effort and money on delivering a professional product. I think that most readers don’t really care if the book is mainstream or indie—but it pisses them off if they buy something that is badly edited, badly formatted. As it should…

How often do your characters surprise you by doing or saying something totally unexpected?

Like every day…Seriously, sometimes they are a pain in the butt. Like when I present the hero with an opportunity to act heroically and he chooses that moment to look at me with anguish and admit he doesn’t know how to swim.

“What?” I exclaim. “But she’ll drown if you don’t help her!”

“And how am I to do that?” he asks, staring at the dark waters in which poor Noor is presently floating. “Dearest Lord, what have you done to my poor wife?” He glares at me. “Shouldn’t you have some sort of list of what my skills are? As a medieval knight, when would I have learnt to swim, hey?”

He has a point. “Just get in there. Now.” I frown. “I’ll make sure you can swim—a little.”

What part of writing a novel do you enjoy the most? The least?

I love the first re-writing round. Usually, I’ll write the novel over a couple of months after which I will set it aside and let it mellow. And then I take it all out and start re-writing it. It’s a bit like unwrapping a Christmas present, albeit there are moments when I cringe at what’s on the page.

I am less thrilled by the proof-reading. Once the book has been professionally typeset, I sit down and read it through for one final time. It stresses me out as I know this is my last opportunity to catch any errors. Obviously, I don’t catch them all, which is why the moment I have the final book in my hand, you can bet it will magically open to a page with a typo in it. Fortunately, through the combined efforts of my editor and me, such errors are very few.

Is it important for you to know the ending of a book before you write it? The title?

Yes. I need to have some sort of goal to which I am working. Mind you, the road is rarely as straight as I thought it would be, as my characters tend to have a lot of opinions along the way. (“No,” Adam de Guirande tells me. “I will not do it. Never.” “Oh, come on,” I wheedle, “would it be so bad?” He fixes me with a look out of icy grey eyes that makes me sigh and decide this particular scene needs to be rewritten…) As to the title, no, I do not need the final title, but I must have a working title. Right now, I have a WIP with the title “No Wolf Howls Alone”. I’m not sure the title will survive the final editing, but for now it captures the mood of the story.

What is crucial for me is to create a cover image early on in the process—sometimes before the book is written. I need a visual to focus my work, somehow.

Some writers edit excessively as they write; others wait until a novel is finished to do the bulk of the editing. How about you?

I do a bit if both. As I am writing that first draft I will generally start every writing session by reviewing what I wrote last time round and do a rough edit. But the real editing work doesn’t start until I do that first re-write. As an aside, I don’t think an author can properly edit their own work. Using a professional editor is, IMO, a must.

Do you have any advice for first-time authors?

First of all, write the story that you want to read. Do not try to second-guess what will work on the market—in fact, assume that no matter how great your book, it will not make much of a ripple on a market that sees thousands of new titles every month.

Secondly, invest in a good editor and in good cover art.

What do you like best about the books you read? What do you like least?

It depends on what sort of book I am reading. I devour romance books, specifically romantic suspense and historical romance. In these books I am guaranteed a Happily Ever After (phew) but I do want there to be tension along the way. When reading crime, I want the plot to be convoluted and multi-layered, keeping me guessing right to the end.

Something I have a major problem with, no matter genre, is head-hopping. I detest when the point of view (PoV) jumps back and forth between the characters involved and will likely throw said book at the wall in frustration. For me to engage in a book, I need to be in one character’s head at the time. I have no problem with multiple PoV characters, though, as this adds layers of complexity to the narrative. In fact, when reading romance I require to have the story told both from his and her perspective.

Do you allow others to read your work in progress, or do you keep it a secret until you’ve finished your first draft? Can you elaborate?

While working in that first draft, no one gets a peek. No one. But this doesn’t mean I don’t discuss my work with a few chosen people, more along the lines of “do you think this would work?” (usually directed at poor hubby while miming a stabbing) or “is this a realistic reaction from a traumatized child?” I also share a general outline of the work, just to gauge if my selected audience thinks it will fly.

We all know the old saying; you can’t judge a book by its cover. This is true. However, how much importance do you place on your book cover design?

I think professionally designed covers are really, really important. Some authors are extremely talented artists and can handle this themselves, but I need help. I also think that a cover can become outdated, i.e. that fab cover from five or six years ago may not quite fly today, for the simple reason that trends change all the time.

I have worked with the same cover artist since I began publishing. I trust him to produce a good cover based on my vague instructions, but ultimately the product must click with me and with the image I want to convey. I am fortunate in that Olly from MoreVisual Ltd usually gets what I want and has the patience of a saint when we iterate.

If you could be invisible for a day, what would you do?

I would settle down in one of Malmö’s busiest cafés and study how people interact, what ticks they may have, how they talk to each other, IF they talk to each other, what they may be discussing, how girls look at boys and boys look at girls. And all the while I’d be piling up little sparks of inspiration, all the way from “wow, my next female protagonist is deffo going to wear boots like that” to “he has stirred and stirred and stirred and stirred for like an hour now while staring blankly at nothing. Must go into a book.”

And while I was invisible, I would probably take the opportunity of really studying the baked goods on sale up close.

Care to brag about your family?

I do. But I won’t. My four kids are all adults by now and prefer it if they do not figure too prominently in their mother’s more public life. One has to respect that. But I will say that out of all the things I have done & achieved in life, NOTHING comes close to the pride my four kids make me feel. Always. Even when I’m pissed off at them.

What’s your favorite film of all times? Favorite book?

Favourite film: Gone with the Wind. Well, it used to be—I saw it like twelve times when I was very young and impressionable. Since then, I haven’t dared see it again, worried that I may be disappointed. But then, when Clark Gable goes “Frankly my dear, I don’t give a damn,” I think I would still go all misty-eyed. If not Gone with the Wind it has to be The Sound of Music. Whenever I see it, it makes me happy—and has me driving the family crazy for days afterwards by singing various songs from the movie.

Favouritie book: Very, very difficult question. I don’t think a person who reads as much as I do really has one favourite book throughout life—things change, as they say. But there are some books I will always return to, principally among those Here be Dragons by Sharon K Penman, Lord of the Rings by Tolkien and The Source by James A Michener.

What are three things you think we can all do to make the world a better place?

It would be good if we could resuscitate the art of conversation, of intelligent discussion. If people actually listened to each other and their arguments in various issues maybe the world would not be as polarized as it is. It scares me, this growing tendency to see life as black and white, an “either you’re with me or against me” approach that can only lead to growing divides.

I also think we all need to substantially reduce the amount of meat we eat, whether it be beef, pork, lamb or poultry so as to reduce the negative impact on the environment.

Likewise, we have a collective responsibility to do something about plastic and trash in general. If all of us took ten minutes a day to pick up the trash we see, the world would at least be cleaner if not better…

What simple pleasure makes you smile?

Home-made cardamom buns hot from the oven and served with tea

Sitting against a south-facing wall in March with the sun in my face

Swimming naked in the lake by our country home

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CHAT WITH IAN WILFRED

Ian Wilfred is 50+ but in his head he will always be 39. He lives in the UK on the Norfolk coast with his husband and West Highland Terrier where he writes romantic comedies.

Time to chat with Ian!

What is your latest book?

My new book is My Perfect Summer In Greece and it’s set on the fictional Greek island of Holkamos. The main character, Cheryl, has a sister Julie who is getting married on the island. Julie won’t allow Cheryl to be a bridesmaid because ‘she’s too frumpy.’ On the day of the wedding, Cheryl has a huge surprise for her family. There are three other characters: Vangelis, who owns the beach café; André, who’s come back to the island after the death of his father, and John, Cheryl’s best friend. These four together make for a very interesting summer.

Is your recent book a series?

No, it’s not a series, but it is set on the same island that my last book, Secrets We Left In Greece, was set. Some characters appear in both books, but the island itself is one of the stars of both books with the town’s visages and the stunning beaches.

How did you choose the genre you write in?

I didn’t choose it; it chose me. Back in 2012, when I started writing, what ended up on the page just happened to be romance with a bit of comedy and a lot of friendship.

All set on the Canary Island of Tenerife, Putting Right The Past was Carole’s story written in diary form. Carole has inherited some money and moves to the island. That’s when the fun begins as she tries to help her new friends and neighbours put right their past lots of secrets, lies, gossip, and even blackmail.

More than anything, however, friendship is a central theme that runs through all of my books.


Are your characters ever based on people you know?

Every main character has bits of people I’ve come across over many years. I’ve been very blessed in my working life to have come in contact with thousands of fabulous women— from teenagers to more mature ladies. Their reaction to events and situations, not forgetting their attitude about life, all ends up on the page. In the book I’m writing now, the beginning is based on a true story that happened to a friend over thirty years ago. All I can tell you is that is has to do with a package!

If you were to advertise your book on a bumper sticker what would it be?

That’s a good question and very easy to answer. Never Too Old For Love. That title represents all my books especially The Little Terrace Of Friendships that is set in London, New York, and the fabulous Martha’s Vineyard … a place I so enjoyed researching on the Internet. Unfortunately, I didn’t go there, but my character Maggie did and she had a wonderful time.

How often do your characters surprise you by doing or saying something totally unexpected?

They surprise me all the time. In one of my books, a gorgeous lady ended up with the wrong man. While I was plotting, it was my plan for her to end up with a different man, but ninety thousand words later, she did the complete opposite of what I had planned for her to do. The nerve! Also, I’ve had characters that I developed to be horrible people, yet they ended up being the loveliest person in the book. Go figure! Don’t ask me how that happens; I will never know.

What part of writing a novel do you enjoy the most?

I love it when the first draft of the story is all in my head and I just want to get it written down. All my books are around 100K words. I love getting to the 30K point where the characters are embedded in the story and everything is gelling. This is the point where someone new appears and the story starts to change, things happen, and the action gets exciting.

The other part of the book process I love is cover design. I work very closely with my designer, Cathy. The emails between us are exciting, and it is like we are in the same room even though I’m in the UK and she’s over in America. As for the bit I hate, this has to be stage where I’m doing the third and forth edits. I start to get bored because the text is too familiar. Thank goodness for my fabulous editor, Nancy.

Some authors edit as they go along. Others wait until the end. How about you?

The first couple of books I wrote, I edited, wrote, then edited. But this didn’t work for me. I found I got lost and couldn’t keep up with the stories or the characters. Now, I write and don’t go back until those two famous words are written: The End. I also write everyday even if it’s just a couple of hundred words one day and several thousand. I often go to sleep thinking about what’s next for my characters, where they are going, and what will they be up to.

Are you easily distracted while writing? If so what do you do to help yourself stay focused?

Two words, Lisette. Yes, Twitter, as you know because it was on Twitter we met. I love it everything about it: authors’ publication days, cover reveals, chart positions, and blogs. It’s 24/7. Tuesdays are my worst days: #tuesnews @rnatweets. That’s the day all of the Romantic Novelist Association members get on the old Twitter with their book news. I never feel guilty on a Tuesday. The rest of the time I give myself targets write X number of words and then I allow myself fifteen minutes on Twitter.

How important is choosing characters names? Have you ever decided on a name and then changed it because it wasn’t right?

Yes. I’ve never told anyone this before, but in my book, The Little Terrace of Friendships, I had named the main character Mabel. Later, my editor and my formatter, Nancy and Rebecca, both said it sounded more like a cat’s name than a person’s name. So, Mabel became Maggie, and that was definitely the right thing to do. That said, I have told myself one day a Mabel will appear in one of my books, even if it’s as a cat.

Do you have any advice for first-time authors?

I sure do. Write every day, even if it’s just a couple of paragraphs. Also read every interview and watch every video the fabulous author Milly Johnson has done about writing.

We all know the saying, “you can’t judge a book by its cover.” This is true, however, how much importance do you place on your book covers?

The book cover is a huge part of the story. I’m so very lucky and blessed to have been recommended to Cathy Helms at Avalon Graphics. She is the best! Cathy has designed all my covers except for the first one. She knows what I like, and more importantly she knows what I don’t like.

Do you miss not spending time with your characters when you’ve finished writing them?

Yes, definitely, because they have been a huge part of my life for so many months. It’s tough when they’re suddenly gone. The best way for me to stop missing them is to start a new book. But I’ve often wondered what it would be like to bring them all together in one book. That could be a lot of fun.

Where do you live now? If you could move where might that be?

I’m very lucky to live in Norfolk in the UK. It’s on the coast and we are five minutes walk from the beach. If it’s not raining, I go there every day with my dog. If I could live anywhere else, it would be lovely to live in Parga, Greece. There are such lovely people there, not to mention the food, the gorgeous weather, and Valtos Beach: a true paradise.

What your favorite comfort foods?

Another easy question, Lisette. I love fish and chips, but they must be seaside fish and chips, eaten on the sea wall. That’s how I celebrate all my publication days, even in winter. I do love my food. A big lump of cheese, a jar of mayonnaise, and a few glasses of red wine make for a very happy Mr Wilfred.

Whats’ your favorite film of all time?

It has to be Pretty Woman why because Julia Roberts is fabulous and Richard Gere are very special. Another film has to be Steel Magnolias. The chemistry between the characters, the acting, and all the actresses is just wonderful.

What simple pleasures do you have?

I have a very simple pleasure that happens every day of the year. First thing in the morning, my husband and I walk with our dog on the beach for an hour or so. It is the perfect start to the day. If for some reason I miss it for a couple of days, I’m so irritable.

What makes you angry?

A lot of things make me angry, but the worse is violence, bullying, and cruelty. There is no excuse for any of those things. It’s very sad to have to keep reading and hearing about it

Thank you so much for having me on your blog Lisette I’ve enjoyed answering the questions.

It has been a real pleasure, Ian!

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CHAT WITH CW HAWES

CW Hawes is a sixty-something guy who is living his dream of being a full-time writer (and, yes, the retirement income helps him to do that). Prior to writing fiction, he was a successful poet.

Hawes enjoys simple pleasures, because, in the end, life is pretty simple. People are the ones who make it complex. After all, what more is there than a well-made cup of tea and listening to music, or the rain falling?

Time to chat with CW!

What is your latest book?

My last book is When Friends Must Die: A Justinia Wright Private Investigators Mystery. Which was published in December 2018.

I am also currently serializing on my blog The Medusa Ritual: A Pierce Mostyn Paranormal Investigation.

Is your recent book part of a series?

Yes. When Friends Must Die is Book 6 of the Justinia Wright Private Investigator Mystery series. There is also a Book 0.

The Medusa Ritual is Book 5 in the Pierce Mostyn Paranormal Investigation series.

What are the special challenges in writing a series?

For me, the challenge to writing a series is that the main characters remain fresh and interesting.

What else have you written?

The Rocheport Saga, which is a post-apocalyptic cozy catastrophe. There are currently seven books in the series.

The Lady Dru Drummond alternative history series. There are currently two books in this series.

I’ve also written and published the alternative history novella Rand Hart and the Pajama Putsch.

 Horror is another interest of mine. In particular, cosmic and supernatural horror. I’ve published the following novellas and stories: Do One Thing For Me, Ancient History, Metamorphosis, and What the Next Day Brings.

What do you think some of the greatest misconceptions about indie authors are?

I think the greatest misconception is that indie authors are basically writers who couldn’t make it in the traditional publishing world and went the self-publishing route. Although as time goes on, I think that image is fading. Primarily because the Kindle and iPad are everywhere.

When people ask me, I simply tell them that I get more money self-publishing than I would have gotten going the traditional route. And that I don’t have a boss. I’m self-employed.

Actually I prefer the term independent author-publisher. Because that is actually what we indie writers are. We are our own publishing house.

What part of writing a novel do you enjoy the most? The least?

I enjoy the writing the most. Putting those words down on paper. I actually enjoy holding the pen or pencil and watching the words form, the story take shape on the page. It is like reading, watching the story unfold and progress to the ending.

Writing, though, isn’t just about writing. Unless one writes solely for one’s self, with no thought towards publication. And I do want other people to enjoy my books and stories as much as I do. Which means, one must edit and proofread one’s work. And that I don’t care for. I wish I had the money to pay someone else to do it. 🙂

So to minimize what I don’t like about the writing business, I strive to write finished text. Text that comes off the pen or pencil pretty much ready for publication. That is the secret weapon of the prolific writer. It is what allowed Anthony Trollope to become the Victorian Writing Machine. It is what allowed the pulp fiction writers of the 20s, 30s, and 40s to usually write over 100,000 words each month, every month, every year.

I also don’t like marketing my books. But marketing in some form is a must in order for readers to know I exist. Although from all I’ve read, I think marketing can be minimized by building a strong mailing list of fans. An army of fans to drive Amazon’s algorithms and to spread the word.

Is it important for you to know the ending of a book before you write it? The title?

Not at all. I get an idea and just start writing the book, figuring out the story as I go along. Although mysteries tend to be easy in that regard as the ending is pretty much foreordained. Horror too.

I tried following the advice of outlining my novel and just couldn’t do it. I hate outlining for one; and for two, if I’m going to spend time outlining the story, why don’t I just write it?

For me, writing is like reading. I discover the book as I go along.

Some writers edit excessively as they write; others wait until a novel is finished to do the bulk of the editing. How about you?

Ever since my days in college, all those decades ago, I’ve basically followed the same procedure. I hand write the text. Then I edit as I type. And I’m done. Next project.

I have, though, added two more steps. Following Anthony Trollope, I re-read what I wrote the day before and make any needed edits. Then after I’ve typed the text, I will read several times to catch typos and clunky sentences. I also have the computer read the text to me as I follow along. I catch a lot of typos that way, because the computer reads exactly what is there.

Can you tell us about your road to publication?

Way back in the 1960s, when I was in 11th grade, my drama class teacher had the class stage a play I wrote. That was my first “publishing” credit, as it were. Next I had a few poems published in fantasy and horror fanzines in the 70s. But I never did much with writing because no one around me was encouraging.

Then I read an article by Lawrence Block. The subject was procrastination and why we actually procrastinate. Reading that article was a life changing moment. I was procrastinating mostly because I was afraid I’d fail and then my parents would say, “Told you so.”

That article percolated for quite awhile, and then in 1989 I wrote the first version of Festival of Death. The first book in the Justinia Wright series. I wrote the book over the course of a year. And learned three things: that I could indeed write novel length fiction, that I had a lot to learn about writing, and that with my job at the time, which was very emotionally draining, long works of fiction were out of the question. Writing the book was exhausting.

So I turned to poetry. Never would I have imagined myself as a poet, but poetry was my first big success in the publishing world. And the form I excelled at was the English language version of tanka, a Japanese form.

For the 15 or so years I wrote poetry, I wrote over 2000 poems and had a few hundred published. I even won or placed in a few contests, received a few awards and special recognition, and even made a couple bucks. One doesn’t write poetry for money, because there is none to be made.

Then, as I neared retirement, I decided I wanted to spend the rest of my life writing fiction, which is my first love. So I dove in headfirst. I finished writing my marathon The Rocheport Saga in February 2014, and prepared the first two books for publication. I re-wrote Festival of Death, wrote Trio in Death-Sharp Minor, and The Moscow Affair.

Having read about writing and the publishing world for 50 years, I knew traditional publishing was not for me. And decided to go indie. It’s been a difficult road, but I don’t regret it.

In November 2014 I published four novels in four genres. Something I’d never do again! Then in December published two more books.

In January 2015 I retired and became a full-time author. Now I’m just waiting for the income to catch up.

Do you ever suffer from writer’s block? If so, how do you get around it?

No. I don’t suffer from writer’s block. Sometimes I don’t know where I want to go with a book. When that happens, I either set it aside and work on something else, or I just keep on writing and eventually the Muse saves the day.

Daniel Boone was asked once if he’d ever gotten lost in his wilderness explorations. He told the interviewer no. The interviewer didn’t believe Boone and pressed him on it. Boone finally said, “I’ve been bewildered at times, but I’ve never been lost.”

That’s my attitude with writer’s block.

What’s your favorite comfort food? Least favorite food?

My favorite comfort food is probably pizza. And my least favorite food is liver.

What music soothes your soul?

I’m a classical music person. So in general classical music soothes the soul. Although there are a few non-classical pieces I listen to when my soul needs soothing. Here are some of my favorites:

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams The Lark Ascending and The Solent
  • Handel’s “Sarabande” from the keyboard Suite in D minor in Ragna Schirmer’s performance on the piano and Christopher Parkening’s performance on guitar.
  • “Air” from Arthur Foote’s Serenade for Strings, Op 25; performed by Gerard Schwartz and the Seattle Symphony Orchestra
  • “Pavane” from Warlock’s Capriol Suite, performed by Liz Story
  • Skempton’s Lento
  • Michael Manring’s Sung to Sleep
  • Theme from Foyle’s War
  • Theme from Inspector Morse

 

What was the most valuable class you ever took in school? Why?

There were three, actually. Debate, journalism, and typing.

Debate taught me how to research and present a position with evidence.

Journalism taught me how to write so that the most important information was presented first, followed by information in lesser and lesser importance.

Typing, well, who can get along without typing? Until touch screens and voice activated devices make our fingers obsolete, that is.

What’s your favorite film of all times? Favorite book?

This question is like those desert island questions. And to be quite honest, I’m not sure I have a favorite film. There are a few good ones; a whole lot that are mediocre; and many more that are bad, or if not bad, at least quite forgettable.

Film is also not my favorite entertainment media. Reading is. Nevertheless, if I were to pick just one movie it would be either Little Big Man, or the Japanese movie Late Spring, directed by Yasujirō Ozu.

Both movies focus on what is important in life, what is it that has value and meaning for us. I think both movies tell us to throw out the window other people’s opinions and societal conventions, and to live life for ourselves.

My favorite book is actually a short story. One I read some 55 years ago, and one that has stayed with me all this time. It is Saki’s (HH Munro’s) story “Sredni Vashtar”. It too is a story about a revolt from convention, a revolt from those who think they know what is best for us, and in the end don’t actually care about us. They simply want us to conform to their life goals and purpose. It is a story about becoming free.

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Email: cwhawes@cwhawes.com

 

CHAT WITH RAVEN H. PRICE

Raven H. Price is a Christian Fantasy/Romance writer who enjoys inspiring people through entertainment. She writes stories about God’s love as the theme behind every facet of life. In each of her books, you will see how she brings angelic beings to life by giving them voices and allowing them to interact with humans. Writing in this method gives a supernatural or fantasy element to her writing that she feels readers like this day and age.

Time to chat with Raven!

What is your latest book?

My latest novel is Wisdom’s Song. I’ve also published two short stories recently called “Blinded By the Light” and “God’s DNA.”

What are the greatest challenges in writing short stories?

I can be long-winded. Short stories are written to entertain people quickly.

Do you write under a pen name? If so, can you tell us why?

No. I like my name.

How did you choose the genre you write in? Or did it choose you?

I think my genre chose me. I am infatuated by Biblical scriptures expressing God’s love for us, so I create romantic or children’s stories to proclaim this in an entertaining manner that isn’t preachy.

Are your characters ever based on people you know?

I’ve written only one book based on the truth about a person. The Plan (my first book) is a story based on my early years. To make it interesting and entertaining I wrote it in a fictitious manner using a lot of supernatural elements.

What else have you written?

I’ve written a trilogy: The Paradigm Shift (Convicted, Convinced and Commissioned),
A children’s chapter book: A Dog Named Derf,
An edgy romance called: Wisdom’s Song,
Two inspirational short stories: “Blinded By the Light” and “God’s DNA.”
And I in the process of writing another children’s book called: The Angel Who Was Turned Into a Cat.

Many times, I’ve actually dreamed plot twists, character names, and many other tidbits that I’ve need for my WIP. Has this ever happened to you?

Every time! I get inspiration everywhere, but especially when I sleep. I wake up some mornings wanting to write before I even have my first cup of coffee.

Please, tell us about your experiences with social media. What are your favorite and least favorite parts of it?

I love meeting people who want to talk about my books. I also enjoy co-promoting, but I refuse to get into political or hateful conversations. I absolutely hate people bashing and I won’t get involved in those kinds of conversations even if I think the person is wrong.

Do you feel your latest book is your personal favorite or one of your previous novels?

Wisdom’s Song is my latest novel, and it is my favorite. I had a message to convey and I pushed the sensual aspects to the edgy without it being erotic. I had a lot of fun writing this story and exploring various historical aspects to tie into the storyline.

Many authors do giveaways; have you found them a successful way to promote your book?

In my opinion, doing a giveaway promotion helps new authors. People are always searching for bargains, and if they come across one free they will grab it even if the author is unknown. Since self-publishing has flooded the literary market, there are thousands of books to choose from, so why not give away a few to jumpstart your ‘literary career.’

How would you define your style of writing?

All my books have hidden messages written within the storylines. My intent is to show God’s love and His desire to see us through trials and tribulations. I like romances with hardships involved. I like to show the fight between good and evil within everything, and I use a lot of spiritual warfare between angels and demons to bring out a supernatural element that gets this point across. Some would call it fantasy.

Do you ever suffer from writer’s block? If so, how do you get around it?

Yes! When this happens, I know something within my work in progress isn’t right, so I go back through timelines, characters, whatever to see if I messed up. I also use the time to unwind and relieve stress. I feel when I worry about the writing it only jams up my creative flow, so I reconnect with things that relax me such as reading, going to the beach, or taking time to be with family and friends. Doing this gets me out of my head and back into a happy place.

If you could duplicate the knowledge from any single person’s head and have it magically put into your own brain, whose knowledge would you like to have? And why.

I don’t want to come off sounding like a religious freak, but I’d love to live in Jesus’ brain. From the books of Matthew, through to John, I read that he didn’t have any cares or concerns about life, and he wanted others to feel why. If we could live free like him, life would be amazing. He ate, lived, breathed love. I want to be like that.

If you are a TV watcher, would you share the names of your favorite shows with us?

I love shows that involve the supernatural. My favorites have recently been canceled.

The Originals, Vampire Diaries, Lucifer, (Canceled)
Those I can still watch are: The Good Doctor, NCIS New Orleans, Supernatural, Arrow, Flash

Do you have any guilty pleasures?

I love sweets. Especially baked goods. I eat them sometimes to reward myself, or when I’m stressed to the max about something.

What are three things you think we can all do to make the world a better place?

I am a firm believer that love, respect, and acceptance of all peoples, races, and religions are important. I believe this, and I act in every aspect as much as I can. This includes everyone regardless of their sexual beliefs, faults, or failures. We all need to co-exist and not judge one another.

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CHAT WITH SUE-ELLEN WELFONDER

USA Today bestselling author Sue-Ellen Welfonder aka Allie Mackay writes Scottish historical romance and contemporary paranormal romance. Her passions are animals, nature, and anything old and quirky. She lives on Florida’s southwest coast with her husband and her muse, Snuggles the writer cat.

Time to chat with Sue-Ellen!

What is your latest book?

Master of the Highlands. It’s a Scottish medieval romance about a hot-blooded Highland warrior who learns that even the boldest hero is no match for the searing passion of the one woman he cannot resist. It’s a powerfully emotional story and I love it because I enjoy writing about people who have lost everything yet go on to win love, happiness, and so much more. In real life, the bad guys win too often. In books, we can let the good guys have a go at it. I love that.

The blurb…

Master of the Highlands

He was lord of nothing…

No man is a worse candidate for penance than hot-tempered Iain MacLean. As a fierce Highland warrior and brother to a mighty, well-respected laird, he never dreamed he’d someday don a pilgrim’s robe and travel the land, bending his knee at holy sites rather than swinging his sword. But that is exactly what he must do after accidentally setting fire to his family’s chapel. He will lose everything unless he delivers his clan’s greatest treasure to a sacred shrine – the price for his wild and reckless ways.

Until he claimed her heart…

No lass is less suited for the convent than passionate Madeline Drummond. Neither should any maid see her family’s castle overrun, her people threatened, and worse. She couldn’t prevent tragedy, but she will take revenge on the murderous villain who destroyed her clan. Retribution will ruin her, leaving her no choice but to seek forgiveness in a nunnery. When the fiery Highlander and the lady meet, desire flames and their souls are scorched by a single kiss. Together, they journey across Scotland to regain Madeline’s ancestral home. And as wrongs are righted, she learns vengeance can be sweet – especially as the one true love of the Master of the Highlands.

Is your recent book part of a series?

Master of the Highlands is part of my Highland Knights trilogy about Clan MacLean.  All three titles can be read alone and are available now.

Do you write under a pen name? If so, can you tell us why?

I write under my real name (Sue-Ellen Welfonder) and a pen name, Allie Mackay. When I was still ‘traditionally published,’ I wanted to expand into paranormals and signed with a second publisher for this genre. A pseudonym was my choice because I wanted to differentiate my historical romances from the new books that were mostly time travel romances.

The pen name was not a secret and I have always been clear about also writing as Allie Mackay.

How did you choose the genre you write in? Or did it choose you?

My family background is Scottish (Hebridean) and so I was born loving Scotland. Likewise, I’ve always been fascinated by medieval history, Celtic legend and lore, and the paranormal. So when I started writing, these passions flowed into the stories.

I believe in writing what you love. Only then do words come to life. Jumping on trend bandwagons just because a genre is hot will produce flat prose – unless you are passionate about that kind of story. Your heart has to be in there, along with the ink.

Are your characters ever based on people you know?

Sometimes, yes. More than anything, I’m in my characters. They share my likes and dislikes, world views, and experience things I’ve seen or done. Where can story come from if not from our own lives? The good and the bad, it all swirls in the mysterious well we dip into when writing. I believe you can see the writer in the words, especially if you know the author.

Many times, I’ve actually dreamed plot twists, character names, and many other tidbits that I’ve need for my WIP. Has this ever happened to you?

Yes. I credit it to the ‘magic’ of writing. I’ve had dreams that became whole chapters. Dreams so vivid I went straight to my desk and typed as if in trance. Who knows where such things come from? When it happens, it is certainly a gift.

Authors, especially Indies, are constantly trying to understand why some authors sell very well while their talented fellow authors have a hard time of it. It’s an ongoing conundrum. What do you make of it all?

I think luck has a lot to do with it. The same thing can be seen outside writing. Why does one ballet dancer become the star when so many others are equally accomplished? Same with musicians, artists, actors, you name it.

Some argue that talent plus hard work will ‘see you to the top.’ But the cold, hard truth is that many gifted souls work very, very hard and yet never see much success. Someone else hits the scene and soars, never looking back.

So I think it is luck. Maybe karma?

How important is the choosing of character names to you? Have you ever decided on a name and then changed it because it wasn’t right for the character?

Incredibly important. Likewise titles. I’d even go so far as to say that I can’t start writing a new story until I have just the right names and a title. This is a ritual for me – just like I clean my desk and office between books. I need that ‘clean slate and fresh start’ for my workspace. And I need names and a title for my story people and their world to spring to life.

No, I’ve never changed a character name. By the time I settle on one, I’m usually sure it suits. In a weird writerly way, I like to think characters tell us their names. That they whisper into our ears, letting us know who they are.

Were you “born to write” or did you discover your passion for writing later in life?

No. I never wanted to write. My dream was to be an airline stewardess and travel the world. I did that for many years and loved every minute. I was encouraged to write by my favorite author, Becky Lee Weyrich. I’d sent her a fan letter, we became friends, and I’d send her letters about my travel adventures. I wrote my first book mainly so she’d stop bugging me to write. To my surprise and horror, really, the book sold. And so I became an author.

Do you feel your latest book is your personal favorite or one of your previous novels?

My all-time favorite book is Some Like It Kilted. The hero is the one I wish would materialize in my office and sweep me away. Some Like It Kilted is the book I would love to disappear into for real, never leaving its pages.

Do you ever suffer from writer’s block? If so, how do you get around it?

I don’t believe in writer’s block. I think the stories are always there, waiting to be inked to life. And it is ‘life’ that can block writers. Things that knock us sideways and take our breath, leave us gasping. The loss of a loved one or pet, illness, financial setbacks, anything that sets our world off-kilter. Often outside influences out of our control – in my life, that was once having to write through two years of nonstop construction chaos. I nearly lost my mind from the daily barrage of noise and mess and intrusion. But the words were there, even then. I knew what I should be writing. I was just so physically and emotionally gutted that I’d stare at the pc screen in a stupor.

I’m not sure there is a solution. You just soldier on. What helps me is getting out in nature, reading, yoga and cycling, getting enough sleep. Above all, hit pause, replenish the well.

What’s your favorite comfort food? Least favorite food?

I’m vegan, but my favorite comfort food is still the same as in my pre-vegan days. I’m a potato zealot and love potato-anything. I love to cook and bake and enjoy pretty much everything (as long as it is vegan). Even as a child, there was nothing I didn’t eat with glee.

If you had a million dollars to give to charity, how would you allot the funds?

No brainer: animal rescue.

What might we be surprised to know about you?

Probably that English is not my day-to-day language. I only speak English with friends or when I am out shopping, etc. German is spoken in my home. I also think and dream in German, and it is the language I feel most at ease speaking. My husband is German and as I was very young when we married, I spent much of my adult life living there, in Munich.

What makes you angry?

Animal cruelty, injustice, arrogance, narrow-mindedness, bullying.

What are three things you think we can all do to make the world a better place?

Kindness, compassion, caring for the environment.

What simple pleasure makes you smile?

My cat snoring.

 

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CHAT WITH PAULA SLADE

Paula Slade, alumnus of Wisdom Bridge Theater, Players Workshop Second City and NBC-TV’s Daytime Writers Program, began her career as on-air announcer/reporter for radio station, WEFM, Chicago. She has served as head of the Literary Department Savage Agency, Hollywood, and developed radio and television programming for Blair Entertainment, New York. Paula’s acting credits include everything from Lady Macbeth on stage, to General Hospital on television. Today, she serves as VP/Creative Director and Audiobook Narrator for ARTISTIC MEDIA ASSOCIATES, INC. in the greater Boston area.

Time to chat with Paula!

Writers know how much effort it takes to get a book out (developing ideas, researching, writing, rewriting, editing, etc.), but most of us probably don’t know a lot about the process of turning our words into an audiobook. Can you tell us?

 The first step is to start listening to audiobooks, preferably in the genre you write. There are audiobook memberships from sites such as Audible, Playster, Audiobooks.Com and others, which offer trial programs and are good bargains. Or, check with your local library system. These days, libraries are increasingly following the public’s demand for audio, and it’s a free and easy way to become familiar with the general marketplace. An added benefit to your listening is that you’ll be aware of pacing and narration of different genres of books, and what works. Also, listen to book previews, which are free on Amazon.com and Audible.com, and check out ratings and comments. By doing this type of research and comparisons of styles, the process of selecting a narrator will be less daunting.

There is another excellent place to add to your knowledge base before taking the plunge into audio: Audiobook Creation Exchange, also known as ACX.com. On their website you will find a wealth of information geared toward authors as well as narrators and producers. I suggest you familiarize yourself with both sides of the fence, which will give you tremendous insight into the entire process. And, once you grasp the initial information on ACX,’s site check out their informative videos from ACX University, which are on YouTube.

How do authors go about finding a narrator and choosing the one best suited to their books? What is the average number of words you read for an audition?

 ACX.com is a good place to start your search. When you get to their web page, click on search (top of page/right side) then press on “Producers for Hire.” You’ll be taken to another page and in the section marked “Filters” (on the left side of the page) you’ll be able to request multiple narration requirements such as Book Genre, Narrator Gender, Language Spoken, Accent, Voice Age, Vocal Style and even Payment Preferences. Once you make your search selection(s), narrator names will populate the page, and when you click on any of the display arrows attached to the name you’ll hear a preview of the narrator’s voice. If you want to hear more samples of their work, just click on the narrator’s name and you’ll be taken to their specific ACX page, which will give you additional samples and tell you more about the narrator including a bio, credits, and pricing.

As far as the number of words in an audition, that is a rather dicey question. More often than not, authors who are new to audiobooks ask for extremely long auditions. (Personally, I consider anything over one thousand words too long.) Keep in mind, that as a rule of thumb, shorter is better. For a typical audition select excerpt(s) that are either critical to your book’s pacing, or character voices in dialogue that require significant interactions. Trust me on the audition length, as oftentimes you’ll know the best voice for your project in under a minute.

One of the first questions authors have about turning their work into e-books is cost. No surprise. Can you talk about the different options authors have when it comes to compensating the narrator?

There is flexibility here. Prices vary from straight Royalty Share on ACX to $1,000 per finished hour. Variances occur because of the narrator’s experience in acting or audio production and whether they are union or non-union.

For non-union narrators without previous recording or acting experience rates could very from straight Royalty Share to $50 to $100 PFH (per finished hour), or a combination of both if a stipend is involved.

For an experienced union performer who has expertise with foreign accents, character voices or a familiarity with medical terminology they will command a higher rate (anywhere from $200 to $1,000 PFH). Also, some narrators utilize audio engineers to perform editing and mastering, which is built into their fee and allows them to solely concentrate on their narration and acting. All of these factors play into the rate offered by the narrator.

Although royalty share is a popular choice and requested by authors, consider the following: To make it viable for all concerned, know that narrators will be taking many factors into consideration such as your Amazon Overall Sellers Rank (anything 100,000 or below is a good place to be); the number of customer reviews and the reviews themselves of the print or e-version of your book; your book’s cover art – does it draw the listener in?; the need for a strong social media and website presence, and finally be willing to share your royalties for a seven year period with your narrator. On ACX, you and your narrator will be splitting royalties 60-40 with Amazon/Audible, which will leave you and your narrator sharing 20-20 of overall sales. Also know, that unless you are an established well-selling author, many narrators will make PFH paid bookings a priority in their schedule so there may be a wait time before taking on your project.

A quick method of determining what you might expect to pay for your audiobook production vs. Royalty Share, is to figure that one hour of narration translates to approximately 9,400 spoken words per finished hour, which is the average rate determined by ACX. So, if your manuscript is 50,000 written words from title to closing credits, your audiobook would translate to nine hours and 32 minutes total. You would then take the narrator’s requested rate (let’s say a union person at $275 PFH, (price includes pre-production read-thru, author and producer consultations, studio recording time with engineer, as well as editing and mastering).

With all that in mind, your finished audiobook would be $2,563.00. That may sound pricey at first glance but bear in mind that it takes at least six hours to produce one finished hour of an audiobook. Roughly, speaking about 57 hours of work is performed in order to provide a 50,000 written word audiobook.

Are there certain genres of books that you prefer to narrate? Are there books that you won’t narrate?

I personally enjoy non-fiction as I always get to learn something new. But, a riveting horror, paranormal, mystery or sweet romance will always grab my attention! Erotica is the only genre I do not record.

How do you handle books with many characters, especially when there are many in one scene?

Before I get in front of the microphone, a complete read-through of the book is done in order to get a feel for each character voice as well as the narrator, if the book is in third person. Along the way, I make notes as to the character’s physical attributes and vocal/speech pattern as it is written by the author. During that process all characters are given a specific highlighted color on the text so that when I’m in the booth and recording, I am able to switch personas without stopping. I also note any specific delivery such as “he whispered,” or “she said snidely” etc.

If a particular book would be enhanced by ambient music in the background, whether it is horror, suspense, romance, adventure, etc., how does this work? Is there music in the public domain for such purposes? Are you able to add it?

Yes, to both questions.

There are many websites that offer royalty free use of music, but most require an initial payment in order to download.

However, one site in particular, Free Music Archive.org has a vast collection of music in many genres and is free to download. Each music track comes with specific licensing requirements depending on use. For some, there is no attribution needed under the Creative Commons License and for others attribution is required, which is added in your audiobook’s text and shared in the narration.

When you perform a search on Free Music Archive’s site and you find an appropriate piece of music, just click on the title and you will be taken to another page that will provide the licensing information.

A search for music selections by your narrator or narrator’s producer or engineer would be an extra expense that could be saved by DIY and sharing the information for production.

What do you do prior to narrating a book to ensure that pronunciations for all character names, places, etc. are correct?

When doing my initial read-through of a book I always make a list of names and places that include my phonetic ideas as to the pronunciations. After that is done, it goes off to the author for approval or corrections.

For text that requires specific terminology (medical and technical) I refer to Merriam Webster online and for variances in pronunciation (British vs. American English) I use the website Howjsay.

What are some of the common misconceptions about turning books into audio books? Any common mistakes that authors make during this process?

 As mentioned earlier: inordinately long auditions.

Next on the list are books that have not been properly or professionally edited. Good grammar usage and spelling are paramount as is word placement when read aloud. The latter is a problem I refer to as “the repeat-repeat syndrome.” That is when an author uses the same word (several times) in one paragraph. Here’s an example: “Harry met Mary in high school. They were completely devoted to each other from day one. Harry devoted all of his free time to Mary and Mary devoted all of her free time to Harry.” When this is read quickly and silently it is often overlooked, but becomes painfully obvious that other word choices could have and would have made the sentence much more interesting, particularly in audio. A simple change to: “Harry met Mary in high school. They were devoted to each other from day one and it was the hallmark of their free time together.” I’ve seen this problem often and it does not become apparent unless read out loud. These corrections are best made by the author prior to sending their book out for audition.

The third point I’d like to make is that when entering into a contract with a narrator, review each chapter as it is recorded rather than waiting until the entire book is finished, thus providing feedback if it is necessary as you go along. Any changes are more easily made rather than waiting for the entire book to be finished. A chapter review by the author is usually done within a reasonable time frame – 24 to 48 hours after the chapter is uploaded for your review. This way, you and your narrator are in sync.

Also, constant re-working of a chapter (more than one time) does not serve you or your narrator well. It is one thing to ask for a mistake to be corrected, but it is an entirely different matter to request a full re-reading. On ACX you are given the opportunity to review and approve the first 15 minutes of your audiobook production and that is the time to request any changes to pacing, sound levels and voices. After passing the first 15 minutes, your narrator will keep those ideas in mind.

Once your book is completely recorded on ACX, it will go through a final quality check to make sure all recording and sound levels meet their strict specifications. If there are any problems flagged it is the responsibility of the narrator/producer to bring them up to standard. Note: This rarely happens with narrators who have some mileage under their belt.

What else would you like us to know that I haven’t asked?

Have the marketing for your audiobook in place well before the launch and begin actively promoting once you are under contract for the production.

Also, line up professional reviewers ahead of time and make sure they are comfortable with reviewing your genre. On ACX you will be given promo codes (25 for U.S. listeners and 25 for British), which will allow a free download of your book for reviewing purposes. You also have the option to promote to friends and family through Audible’s 30-day free trial, which will allow them a free download of your book. If they continue with their Audible membership after the 30 day period, you’ll get a one-time bounty bonus of $50, which is payable along with your book’s monthly royalties.

Once you’ve selected your narrator, a brief expression of thanks to those who have auditioned for your book will go a long way. Again, this is not mandatory, but it is professional and nice to do.

Please know that the cover of your book will have to be modified, going from a rectangular to a square view, which is easily accomplished using Photoshop or similar programs. At that time, you may also consider adding the narrator’s name (“read by” or “narrated by”) to your cover. This is by no means mandatory, but is an optional gesture that is appreciated by the talent, plus the talent’s name may be beneficial to the sales of your audiobook.

Once you’ve gotten the entire audiobook process under your belt, you have options for your next book from sites such as Findaway Voices, which offer an extremely wide range for distribution and the ability to connect with narrators for a set PFH rate.

Keep in mind that audiobooks are a wonderful way to reach new clients and build upon your sales base. Take your time processing all of this information as your research knowledge base will pay off over the years. Happy recording!

What’s your favorite comfort food? Least favorite food?

Gummi Bears for comfort, but please never serve me kidneys!

If you could duplicate the knowledge from any single person’s head and have it magically put into your own brain, whose knowledge would you like to have? And why.

Albert Einstein, because I’ve always been fascinated with physics.

If you had a million dollars to give to charity, how would you allot the funds?

It would be s split among charities that cover services for children, which include health care, housing, and literacy initiatives.

If you could have one skill that you don’t currently have, what would it be?

I would love to be able to do large math sums in my head.

What music soothes your soul?

Almost anything classical played on a violin.

If you could add a room onto your current home, what would you put in it?

More books!

Do you have any guilty pleasures?

A single serving, which is (in all actuality) a full pint of Haagen Daz Coffee ice cream.

What are three things you think we can all do to make the world a better place?

Love one another and live in peace. Listen to others without being judgmental. Take care of the environment, it is the only planet we have.

What simple pleasure makes you smile?

The beauty of nature in all forms.

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Artistic Media Associates

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